Bariatric Surgery for Weight loss
Bariatric surgery is an option if you have severe obesity and have not been able to lose enough weight to improve your health using other methods or have serious obesity-related health problems.
Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. BMI is a measure of your weight in relation to your height. Class 1 obesity means a BMI of 30 to 35, Class 2 obesity is a BMI of 35 to 40, and Class 3 obesity is a BMI of 40 or more. Classes 2 and 3, also known as severe obesity, are often hard to treat with diet and exercise alone.
Major Bariatric Surgeries
- Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
The outer margin of the stomach is removed to restrict food intake, leaving a sleeve of stomach, roughly the size and shape of a banana. A sleeve gastrectomy is a purely restrictive procedure. By reducing the size of the stomach, allows the patient to feel full after eating less and taking in fewer calories. The surgery removes that portion of the stomach that produces a hormone that can makes a patient feel hungry.
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
The surgeon places a band around the upper part of your stomach to create a small pouch to hold food. The band limits the amount of food you can eat by making you feel full after eating small amounts of food.
- Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass(MGB)
A mini gastric bypass creates a long narrow tube of the stomach along its right border (the lesser curvature). A loop of the small gut is brought up and hooked to this tube at about 180 cm from the start of the intestine.
This type of weight-loss surgery involves creating a small pouch from the stomach and connecting the newly created pouch directly to the small intestine. After gastric bypass, swallowed food will go into this small pouch of stomach and then directly into the small intestine, thereby bypassing most of your stomach and the first section of your small intestine.
Major Bariatric Cosmetic Surgeries
Liposuction is a suction technique to remove fat from specific areas of the body, such as the abdomen, hips, thighs, buttocks, arms or neck. Liposuction also shapes (contours) these areas.
Abdominoplasty is a procedure that flattens your abdomen by removing extra fat and skin and tightening muscles in your abdominal wall.
What are the benefits of bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery can help you lose weight and improve many health problems related to obesity. These health problems include – type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol levels, sleep apnoea, urinary incontinence, body pain, knee and hip pain. You may be better able to move around and be physically active after surgery.
You might also notice your mood improve and feel like your quality of life is better.