Bariatric Surgery for Weight loss
When diet and exercise have failed or when you are experiencing major health issues as a result of your weight, bariatric surgery is performed. Changes to your digestive tract are made during gastric bypass and other weight-loss procedures, which are together referred to as bariatric surgery. Your ability to eat more is restricted by several procedures. Other treatments work by making it harder for the body to absorb nutrients. Some techniques perform both.
Bariatric Surgery is performed to reduce your risk of potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems, including:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
For Bariatric surgery, you might have to meet specific medical requirements. To determine your eligibility, you’ll probably go through a thorough screening process. Additionally, if you want to live a healthier lifestyle, you must be prepared to make long-term adjustments.
Do you need Bariatric Surgery?
You are considered obese if your BMI is between 35 and 39.9 and you suffer from a major weight-related health condition such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or severe sleep apnea. If your BMI is 30 to 34 and you have substantial weight-related health issues, you may in some circumstances be eligible for specific forms of weight-loss surgery. Bariatric surgery is known to be effective at treating a wide range of disorders, including diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and high cholesterol in addition to obesity.
Major Bariatric Surgeries
- Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
In the Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy, sometimes known as the “sleeve,” about 80% of the stomach is removed. The remaining stomach resembles a banana in both size and form.
To limit food intake, the stomach’s outside edge is excised, leaving a stomach sleeve that is roughly the size and shape of a banana. The sole purpose of a sleeve gastrectomy is restriction. By shrinking the stomach, the patient can eat less and consume fewer calories while still feeling satisfied. During surgery, the part of the stomach that can make a patient feel hungry and create a hormone is removed.
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
A silicone band called the Adjustable Gastric Band is wrapped over the top of the stomach to reduce how much food a person can eat. The surgeon places the band around the upper part of your stomach to create a small pouch to hold food. Compared to other operations, there is less of an effect on diseases linked to obesity and long-term weight loss. As a result, its use has decreased over the previous ten years.
- Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass(MGB)
A small gastric bypass converts the stomach’s right side into a long, narrow tube (the lesser curvature). At around 180 cm from the beginning of the intestine, a loop of the small gut is brought up and connected to this tube.
With this kind of weight-loss surgery, a small pouch is made from the stomach and attached directly to the small intestine. Following a gastric bypass, eaten food will travel through this little pouch of the stomach and into the small intestine, skipping most of the stomach and the first part of the small intestine in the process.
Major Bariatric Cosmetic Surgeries
Liposuction is a suction method for removing fat from particular body parts, such as the arms, neck, hips, thighs, buttocks, and belly. Additionally, liposuction contours (shapes) these areas.
Abdominoplasty flattens your abdomen by removing excess skin and fat and tightening the muscles in your abdominal wall.
What are the benefits of bariatric surgery?
Having bariatric surgery can help you reduce weight and solve several obesity-related health issues. Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, unfavorable cholesterol levels, sleep apnea, urine incontinence, bodily soreness, and knee and hip pain are some of these health issues. After surgery, you might be more mobile and able to engage in physical activity. You might also feel more upbeat and notice an improvement in your mood.